Geostationary satellite GOES-12: Time-lapse satellite video shows 10 YEARS of weather in just 3 minutes
- The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has released a video to mark ten years of service by the GOES-12 satellite
- The satellite focused on the East Coast of the U.S. and witnessed weather events including hurricane Katrina and the Christmas blizzards of 2009
- In the future, GOES-R will provide images that are twice as clear as the ones sent by GOES-12, which was decommissioned last week
By Sarah Griffiths
PUBLISHED: 06:27 EST, 22 August 2013 | UPDATED: 08:57 EST, 22 August 2013
It has witnessed major weather events from hurricane Katrina in 2005 to icy Christmas blizzards that crippled the U.S. in 2009.
But the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite 12 has finally stopped recording the weather patterns of the East Coast of the U.S. - after 3,788 days.
To honour the decommissioning of the weather satellite, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in the U.S. has created a time-lapse video of all the weather events GOES-12 has witnessed in the last decade.
Scroll down for video
Geostationary satellite GOES-12 captured this visible image of Hurricane Katrina on August 28, 2005. At that time, the storm was at Category 5 strength and projected to impact New Orleans
Due to thruster control issues, the satellite drifted south of the equator to spend its last three years studying the weather of South America, although it still managed to provide images of hurricane Sandy in October 2012.
Launched in July 2001, the satellite lasted well beyond its original operational design life of two years for on-orbit storage and five years of actual operations to support forecasters and scientists in NOAA’s National Weather Service, according to the organisisation.
'GOES-12 gave the Western Hemisphere many years of reliable data as the operational eastern GOES for accurate forecasts, from small storms to those of historic proportions,' said Mary Kicza, assistant administrator for NOAA’s Satellite and Information Service.
The satellite started its service by monitoring weather across the U.S. East Coast and part of the Atlantic Ocean.
In January 2010 GOES-12 captured a powerful storm developing in the U.S. mid-west and in the coming days, two blizzards hit the East Coast resulting in historic snowfall totals.
TO BOLDLY GOES-12
- GOES-12 (known as GOES-M before becoming operational) is an American weather satellite.
- It was part of the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite system.
- The satellite was launched in 2001 and was decommissioned last week.
- It was operating in the GOES-EAST position, providing coverage of the east coast of the United States.
In May 2010, when the geostationary satellite was no longer able to be maintained to meet the requirements of the National Weather Service, it was shifted to a new position, where it provided coverage of weather conditions affecting South America, including volcanic ash clouds, wildfires, and drought.
To decommission GOES-12, the NOAA boosted the satellite further into orbit using its remaining fuel, before turning off the battery and transmitters.
This manoeuvre was designed to reduce the chances of the satellite colliding with other operational spacecraft as well as lowering the risk of orbital debris and preventing the satellite from transmitting any signals that could interfere with any current or future spacecraft.
On January 29, 2010, GOES-12 captured a powerful storm developing in the U.S. mid-west. In the coming days, two blizzards hit the East Coast resulting in historic snowfall totals.
Engineers work on the GOES-M (GOES-12) satellite before launch. It provided weather imagery to support weather forecasting and severe storm tracking for the East Coast of the U.S for ten years
While GOES-12 is now silent, GOES-13, which serves as the GOES East satellite for the U.S. and GOES-15, which covers the West Coast, are both hovering 22,300 miles above the equator.
Another back-up satellite, GOES-14, can be activated if the others fail.
Ms Kicza said: 'The NOAA-NASA partnership is making steady progress toward developing and launching the more advanced GOES-R satellite series to position us into the future.'
This satellite is expected to more than double the clarity of today’s
GOES imagery and provide more atmospheric observations by sending more images more frequently.
Data from the GOES-R instruments will be used to create different products that will help meteorologists monitor the atmosphere, land, ocean and the sun.
The satellites will also carry a new 'geostationary lightning mapper' that will provide a continuous surveillance of total lightning activity throughout the Americas and adjacent oceans for the first time, according to the NOAA.
The organisation seeks to understand and predict changes in the Earth's environment, from the depths of the ocean to the surface of the sun.
MOST WATCHED NEWS VIDEOS
MOST READ NEWS
- Syria's darkest hour: Hundreds of children's bodies piled...
- Investment bank intern, 21, on £45,000 worked 'until 6am for...
- Parents of 'bored' teens who 'shot Australian baseball star'...
- German tourist, 20, who lost her right arm in Hawaiian shark...
- Grandmother defends her sexy dance down the aisle to 'Crazy...
- Porn industry shuts down with immediate effect after 'female...
- 'People can be so cruel': Tearful Hannah Anderson, 16,...
- 'Distraught' girl, 17, faces humiliation on the web after...
- Street justice? Furious mother punches skater who...
- Silicon Valley real estate tycoon, 74, 'made pregnant...
- New York-to-Shanghai flight diverts to Alaska after...
- Now for his ultimate embarrassment: Sydney Leathers releases...
Kai the 'hatchet-wielding hitchhiker' who 'beat lawyer to death' is rushed to hospital with self-inflicted wounds after suicide attempt in jail
Caleb Lawrence McGillvary, 24, better known as Kai, was arrested for the murder of Joseph Galfy Jr in Clark in MayMcGillvary wrote on Facebook a ...
- They're MY Choos: TAMARA MELLON reveals her contempt for the man whose name is on the label and how she almost lost her millions to her alcoholic mother
- Denver one of best cities in nation for brunch
- Diane Disney Miller who inspired her famous father to create Disneyland dies at age 79
- Kathleen Magowan estate: The secret millionaire twins who lived modestly but were sitting on a gold mine
- Colorado's 9NEWS anchor Kyle Clark News rants at viewers' patio snow pictures
- Mark Spatucci 'RAPED former Miss Teen USA contestant Mary Greff before killing her'
- Nelson Mandela, death of the ballroom dancing ladies' man with a tempestuous love life
- Paul Walker: How eight year-old son of Paul Walker's friend tried to save pair from fiery crash as last image of Fast & Furious star getting into doomed Porsche GT emerges
- 'Plastic-looking' CGI characters could soon look more human as researchers unveil high-definition facial scanner to capture every skin cell and wrinkle
- Horrifying assault goes viral after Sharkeisha sucker-punches victim
- Pets on parade: Costume competition brings out the funny, the creative and the strange in pet owners across the country
- Today Show's Savannah Guthrie and Matt Lauer try to stay warm at Thanksgiving Parade
- The Mystery of Princess Louise, Queen Victoria's daughter, secret love and Royal sex scandal
- Fast & Furious star Paul Walker dead in fiery car wreck: Actor killed after Porsche GT driven by his friend crashed into pole
- Anthony Weiner's sexting Sydney Leathers hits Miami beach wearing stars and stripes bikini
- Born Brittney, graduating Britt: Transgender student on becoming a boy while in high school
- Young mother, 17, is stabbed to death 'by child's father' while holding their infant daughter in her arms outside her school
- Jean Terese Keating busted for fatal 1997 DUI crash after she was heard bragging about it at a bar in Canada
- Nicolas McCabe's father believes photo shows son's ghost after tornado death
- Waitress who received alleged anti-gay receipt suspended pending investigation
- Widow of Dallas cop gunned down by JFK killer Lee Harvey Oswald shares letter Jackie wrote to her
- Reports: some pot shops targeted in raids may have ties to organized crime
- Obamas continue Thanksgiving family tradition by handing out food to poor
- Warning ahead! 98 per cent of drivers cannot understand their dashboard lights
|PHOTOS: Plastic Surgery Celebrity||Awkward family photos|
|UPDATED: Faces of Meth||PHOTOS: Celebrities all a-Twitter|
- Caught on camera: Brawl breaks out between two women during Christmas tree lighting in Philadelphia's LOVE Park
- Outrage as McDonald's gives workers struggling on poverty line advice on tipping au pairs, trainers, and dog walkers amid nationwide walkouts in protest for higher wages
- Primped and preened to perfection: The ladies of Beverley Hills caught unaware as they sit in their cars on Rodeo Drive
- Happy 113th! New owners announce plans to turn Walt Disney's Chicago childhood home into a museum on the animator's birthday
- Pictured: Container of stolen radioactive liquid capable of becoming a 'dirty bomb' located in rural Mexican farming town
- Indiana University apologizes for controversial 'black santa' display that asked 'If Santa is a black man, would you let him come down your chimney?
- 'Cuvee #bottle #service #gone #bad': Actress sues doctor for posting pictures of her in ER mocking her drinking too much
- Teenage girl missing for two months 'has been in contact with her mother' since her disappearance...raising hopes that she is still alive
- Nelson Mandela dead at 95: 'Sport has the power to change the world'
- Robin Thicke jets into LA in leather jacket and trousers... then takes his boy out grocery shopping